Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a surgical specialty acknowledged worldwide to treat various diseases, injuries and defects in the oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (jaws and face) region. In some countries, it is considered as a medical specialty while in others, it is recognized as an area of expertise in dentistry. In the US, oral and maxillofacial surgery is considered as a specialty of dentistry. Conversely, in the UK, it is acknowledged as a medical specialty.
Cosmetic surgeries of the head and neck such as blepharoplasty, otoplasty, rhinoplasty, septoplasty, cheek augmentation, rhytidectomy (facelift), browlift, chin augmentation, genioplasty, oculoplastics, neck liposuction, lip enhancement and botox are just some of the oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures performed today. Non-cosmetic oral and maxillofacial surgeries include diagnosis and treatment of benign pathology, malignant pathology, cutaneous malignancy, congenital craniofacial malformations, chronic facial pain disorders, temporomandibular joint disorders, and dysgnathia.
Among the most common health conditions that maxillofacial surgery patients suffer from are temporomandibular disorder, obstructive sleep apnea, and facial clefts. Temporomandibular disorder, more commonly referred to as TMJ or TMD, is a condition wherein the joint that connects the upper and lower jaws and allows its movement doesn’t perform properly. TMJ patients typically suffer from stuck jaws, softening of the jaw muscles, headaches and earaches. Other symptoms include: popping sound when the mouth is opened or closed, pressure behind the eyes, pain when nibbling, and a noticeable change in the way the upper and lower teeth fit together. Sleep apnea, on the other hand, is a disorder characterized by low blood oxygen levels and irregular interruptions in breathing during sleep. Among the common symptoms observed in sleep apnea patients is excessive snoring, panting or choking during sleep, extreme sleepiness during daytime, low attention span, short-temperedness, extreme morning headaches, weight problems, high blood pressure, and depression.
Among those who specialize in oral and maxillofacial surgery is Domenick Coletti DDS. Coletti obtained his B.S Biology degree at Long Island University in 1990 and attended Virginia Commonwealth University in 1992-1993. He got his D.D.S. degree in 1997 at the Medical College of Virginia, School of Dentistry and his M.D. in 2000 at the M.D. University of Maryland, School of Medicine. Domenick Coletti DDS, MD currently offers his expertise at Central Maryland Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery P.A.